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Blackwood's re-issue of Johnson's Museum; that great repository of Scottish music, for which Burns did so much, and which he predicted would make the publisher famous for all time. Stenhouse was well fitted for the work which he undertook, being a zealous antiquary, no mean musician, and indefatigable in the prosecution of his self-imposed task. Moore's remarks, allusion may be made to the irregular versification of the ancient Latin ballad-mongers — reciters and singers of Ballistea, whence our term Ballad — and even to the Latin hymns of the earlier Christian poets. 33 C=£=£3E *=» £T~f f, US-f^^ S5 s 33E fa's the mo . But her artless smile's mair sweet Than hinny or than marmalete ;' An' right or wrang, Ere it be lang, 111 bring her to a parley yet. Therefore, James Hogg's song, with the same title, has been chosen in preference for this work. f w y QTfrr Tr T £^ S=t2 Lang maun she weep, lang, lang maun she weep.

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In every known instance the English origin of an air has been acknowledged ; the numerous additions which have been made to the work will be found, however, to be entirely Scottish ; these are' mostly modern, but among them are a few worthy relics of the olden time, which have been gathered up after a century of neglect. With regard to the notes, all have been carefully revised, many have received considerable additions, while others have been entirely re-written ; dates have been scrupulously verified, and where necessary corrected. Of the actual state of National Music in Scotland prior to the 15th century, authentic history affords no distinct traces, although it appears that both poetry and music were highly esteemed in the south and east of Scotland, and on the English Border, as far back, at least, as the 13th century. Extracts from the Accounts of the Lords High Treasurers of Scotland relative to Music. Extracts from the Household Book of Lady Marie Stewart, Countess of Mar, Edinburgh. Extracts from Accounts of the Common Good of various Burghs in Scotland, relative to Music-schools, &c. He devoted h im self chiefly to the study of geography, history, and antiquities; and so celebrated was he for his attainments as a geographer, that in 1641 he was requested by Charles I. It was published at Edinburgh, 1787-1803, and consisted of six volumes 8vo, containing 600 melodies with songs adapted to them by various authors ; and among these, Robert Burns, the most distinguished of all Scottish song-writers. The harmony consisted of a figured-hass for the harpsichord, 'with a violin accompaniment. " I published also an edition of these Airs and Songs in six vols, royal 8vo, intended for persons who might wish for copies at a lower price than the folio." (1822.) WHYTE'S (WTLLIAM) COLLECTION.— Published by William Whyte of Edinburgh, in 1806, in two volumes, folio. The accompaniment for the pianoforte is printed in notes as it is to be played. We'll hae nae mair liltin' at the ewe milkin', Women and bairns are heartless and wae ; Sighin' and moanin' on ilka green loanin', The Flowers of the Forest are a' wede away. The want o' you, the wish to hae, Leave room for nae love-token ! When old titles convey any idea at all, they will generally be found to be quite in the spirit of the air.' — Burns' Reliques. that I cam' o'er the muir ;' and therefore not very inspiring to the genius of the poet, who has certainly not educed from it any thing more than a very namby-pamby sort of ditty." — Dauney's " Ancient Scottish Melodies," p. that I came o'er the moor, And left my love behind me-' " — ibid. Airs these cannot be called, for they are altogether destitute of melody ; they appear rather to be single parts of a piece intended for several voices. ; but the old song, it is believed, is lost." (See Museum Illustrations, vol. Sir Walter Scott, in his " Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border," gives six stanzas of the ballad as sung in the Ettrick Forest, under the title of "Lord Randal." The legend on which it is founded is very widely spread ; for besides its several Scottish forms, it has been discovered in Suffolk, in Germany, and more recently in Italy. It ne'er was wealth, it ne'er was wealth, That coft 1 contentment, peace, or pleasure ; The bands and bliss o' mutual love, that's the chiefest warld's treasure ! "Gala Water." One of the most beautiful of our old Scottish melodies. of the music, which I have seen, the Doctor expressed his opinion of the melody, in the best English he was master of, in the following short but emphatic sentence: — 'This one Dr. The singer may adopt or reject that additional measure. Robert Chambers gives as probably the original song of " Gala Water :" " Out owre yon moss, out owre yon muir, " Lords and lairds cam here to woo, Out owre yon bonnie bush o' heather, An' gentlemen wi' sword an' dagger, a' ye lads whae'er ye be, But the black-ee'd lass o' Galashiels Show me the way to Gala water. m -te r- t iftliritartili »i/ rr r a b ^ U- ' rr^F m fc=z± ^ T=3 ttt SF i B to: The lady look'd o'er her window sue hie, And, oh ! And there she espied the great Argyle Come to plunder the bonnie house o' Airly. O open the door, Lord Gregory, O puirtith cauld, Oian an aoig, .... O speed, Lord Nithsdale, O sweet are thy banks, bonnie Tweed, O the ewe-bughting's bonnie, . There's nae luck about the house, There's nane may ever guess, . The lament of Flora Macdonald, , The land o' the leal, The lassie lost her silken snood, (note, • The lass o' Balloehmyle, \ The lasso' Gowrie, The lass of Livingstone, (note,) The lass' of Patie's mill, The last time I cam' o'er the muir, The lea rig, The Lord of Gordon's three daughters, The Lothian lassie, The love that I had chosen, The lowlands o' Holland, (note, 347,) The maid that tends the-goats, The mill, mill, 0, . PAGE 70 144 1S3 90 143 262 876 36 136 133 98 336 87 312 167 872 374 196 1S4 160 234 358 252 92 112 126 126 296 224 866 872 52 204 1SS 2S0 42 856 246 162 202 14 44 801 168 206 157 868 174 237 23 6 198 2 4 104 28 161 147 128 352 62 113 184 234 167 106 26 176 7 228 154 154 208 78 P.40E The Miller, (note,) 151 The Miller's wedding, (note,) ....

In order to maintain the previous high standard of excellence, the arrangement of the accompaniments to these additions was confided to that excellent musician, the late T. To place the airs in strict chronological order, however desirable it might be, is in the present state of our knowledge quite impossible ; but it has been thought advisable to avoid mixing up the ancient style with the modern ; the airs therefore wliich are known to be old have been placed earlier in the volume than others which have appeared at a more recent date. In these Extracts we find named Scottish and English pipers, several harpers and clarscha players, fiddlers, &c. — Item, to Inglis pyparis that cam to the castel yet and playit to the King, . to undertake the execution of an Atlas of Scotland. A new edition of the work was published in 1839 by Messrs. Arnold, William Shield, both Englishmen ; Thomas Carter, an irishman ; and F. There were no introductory or concluding symphonies. The first volume, dedicated to Lady Charlotte Campbell, contained forty Scottish melodies, harmonized by Joseph Haydn for the pianoforte, violin, and violoncello, with introductory and concluding symphonies to the melodies. There are no introductory oi concluding symphonies. " Tile flowers of the fokest." The earliest known copy of this fine melody is that, in tablature, in the Skeaa SIS., preserved in the Library of the Faculty of Advocates, Edinburgh ; and which appears to have been written in the earlier part of the seventeenth century. 27 mm lane - ly, wae, ##^ M- ^=^=^Q ^ -/ * ir colla voce. Von blythesome lark that 'boon 8 his nest His hymn o' love is singin', Nae warldly thocht has he ; the lift 4 Is but wi' true love ringin'. This conjecture of Burns turns out to be amazingly cor- rect." See Museum Illustrations, vol. We need scarcely add that they bear not the slightest resemblance to our Scottish tune. In regard to the melody, Burns (Eeliques) observes, "This air, a very favourite one in Ayrshire, is evidently the original of Lochaber. M1T1IB i $ t^ &^ K_i 1 _ ^ Fare - well to Loch -a ^^ J -I OBH 3-- 2± i 1 P 5E^ — £^fr zg=p--hc, s- . ■ n - =&- * I "^r^ ii p2E£p ^^p M^g — — *o» — * Braw, braw lad3 on Yar - row braes, Ye p^f0mm £ T ^Ss ^-*- r i vr ; Si r ? j— r-r wan - der through the bloom - ing hea - ther ; But Yar - row braes, nor £ Pf -$ m g^^f 3^ &E=^ -2^ t^S f^=f± r r r ' ^ ? ^ g Et - trick shaws 3 Can match the lads o' Ga - la wa - ter. It is somewhat singular, however that it is not to be found in any of our earlier collections. Haydn favourite son e.'" In January 1793, Burns wrote the verses here published to this air. Wad hae nane but the gree o' Gala water ***** ****« James Oswald, in the 8th Book of his Flute Collection, gives a set of the air, which, being pentatonic, is pro- bably more ancient than any other now known. " Come down, come down, Lady Margaret," he says, " Come down and kiss me fairly, Or before the morning clear day-light, I'll no leave a standing stane in Airly." " I wadna kiss thee, great Argyle, I wadna kiss thee fairly, I wadna kiss thee, great Argyle, Gin you shouldna leave a standing stane in Airly." He has ta'en her by the middle sae sma', Says, " Lady, where is your drury 1 ? f ™=g I ^m £ —m 1 — ^±ks£r T~ i^ i Thou strik'st the dull peasant, he sinks in the Nor saves e'en the wreck of a name : TIiou strik'st the young hero, a glorious mark He falls in the blaze of his fame. O'er the muir amang the heather, Of a' the airts the wind can blaw, *0 for ane and twenty, Tarn, O gin ye were dead, gudeman, . Oh, I ha'e been on the flow'ry banks o' Clyde, O I ha'e seen great anes, and sat in great ha's O Kenmure 's on, and awa", Willie, O lay thy loof in mine, lass, O Logie o' Buchan, O Logie the laird, O love will venture in, . O this is no my ain lassie, Oh I thou art all so tender, O thou broom, thou bonnie bush o' broom, O true love is a bonnie flower, . There's nought but care on ilka han', This is no my ain house, Tho' Boreas bauld, that carle auld, (note,) Thou art gaen awa', Thou bonnie wood of Craigie-lea, Thou hast left me ever, Jamie, Thy cheek is o' the rose's hue, To ha'e a wife and rule a wife, (note,) To the Lords of Convention, . 'Twas even, the dewy fields were green 'Twas in that season, 'Twas on a simmer's afternoon, ^ Twas when the wan leaf, 'Twas within a mile of Edinburgh town, Tweedside, ... ^ The bonnie bonnie bairn, The bonnets o' bonnie Dundee, The bonnie house o' Airly, The braes aboon Bonaw, The braes o' Balquhidder, ' The braes of Gleniffer, .

his references to it therefore are usually erroneous. which we shall presently notice, differ in a remarkable degree from their modern representatives, occasionally presenting the mere rude outline which an after age moulded into more perfect form, but more frequently disclosing melodies possessed of a charming simplicity, which the lapse of time has altered only to destroy. w ff -e^- S5=i*£ fffri £ m :\ i S Kirk or mar - ket, ays he fol - lows me, Gap - in', glow"rin', 6 P^gip^p P^ ^=S z^jne. " ' Put up thy dagger, Jamie, And all things shall be mended, Bishops shall fall, no not at all, When the Parliament is ended. -=1— P- T- -o- a ^t -* F— ■ IS s 3^tp £^35 §3^p — •— ar fe Keek in - to the draw - well, Jan - et, Jan - et, And there ye'll see your bon - nie sell, -G- 3=» ■ttr-*-? | ah-l— • * — •- — «s — • '«-;— J == l 1- — F "- * f r . ~P -J 3feg^ ^=gz --1 Wharcouldmy wee thing wan-derfrae me? Her hair it was lint-white ; her skin it was milk- white; Dark was the blue o' her saft rolling e'e; Red were her ripe lips, and sweeter than roses : Sweet were the kisses that she ga'e to me. Her name it is Mary ; she's frae Castle-Cary : Aft has she sat, when a bairn, on my knee : — Fair as your face is, wer't fifty times fairer, Young braggart, she ne'er would gi'e kisses to thee. 443, is entitled, "The wee thing, or Mary of Castle-Cary;" it is now quite unknown, having been supplanted in the public favour by the beautiful and well-known air, " Bonnie Dundee;" in a future number, however, we shall revive this forgotten melody, which ought not to be altogether lost sight of. " Busk ye, bosk te." The melody was formerly called " The braes o' Yarrow." In a MS.

Even his quotations from the " Orpheus Caledonius " are seldom correct; and, with regard to Playford's "Dancing Master," he cannot have seen the rare edition of 1657 which he so often quotes, for, with two or three exceptions, the airs he refers to are not included in it, though they are to be found in the enlarged edition of 171S, which he probably possessed. Stenhouse had besides a notion, not uncommon in the earlier part of the present century, that England possessed little if any true national music ; a tune therefore which was current in both countries, he contended must be of Scottish origin, and only imported into England since the "union of the crowns." This belief was to some extent fostered by the want of any collection of English airs that could be referred to ; for Kitson's is an Anthology of lyric poetry set by learned musicians, rather than a collection of national melodies, though it does contai n a small modicum of real folk-music ; and Dr. In this respect the music of Scotland is singularly at variance with a statement of Mr. S3J- 3 2± -p—r -t* tf=5=F Bfe Ep Z *— p r p ^ ^~ ^g ^ ■*. » — - (B- ^EE #=t 4t ab i die far ra - ther than gi'e him my han' ! be -— £*i£ =P=»- mf -»-=—» j Jj A J JJ A J Jj-J WHY SHOULD I, A BRISK YOUNG LASSIE. 8 Then at our in-gle-neuk 7 ilk - a day hav'rin'; 8 I'U die far rather than A' my kin are like to deave 9 me 'Bout house an' hame, an' siller an' Ian' ; Deil tak' the siller an' Ian' a' thegither ! My ain jo is young an' bonnie, An' tho' he's puir, he's aye true to me; I'll ha'e nae man but my ain dearest Johnnie, An' ne'er the auld man, altho' I should die ! Which never was intended But only for to flam thee, We have gotten the game, We'll keep the same, Put up thy dagger, Jamie.' '• 'This song,' says the author, 'was plaid and sung by a fiddler and a fool, retainers of General Ruthven, Governor of Edinburgh Castle, in scorn of the Lords and the Covenanters, for surrendering their strongholds.'" C 34 SCOTTISH SONGS. 33 EBE ETl E^^E — f2I ■ : f -^ — J a^ E5 3C=JI CT My jo Jan - et, 1^1 3=E£± p ^_! 35 Keeking in the draw-well clear, What if I should fa' in, then ? " The first strain of the air is found in the Straloch MS. ANDANTINO ) £)' " i J-P— ^ CON \ P CON ESPRESSIONE. K I J'.^l^ff T q= ^=^ «^-^ 3= 1— t- e *n ^-E^^ Saw ye my wee thing? f p M • ^ — ^i- =t ^ -# — e — e- £=j=p=2;- m a=± Her hair it is lint-white ; her skin it is milk-white ; Dark is the blue o' her mf i I :p=£= fc=J H^ 3t Z± ! It was na my wee thing, it was na my ain thing, It was na my true love ye met by the tree ; Proud is her leal heart ! It was then your Mary ; she's frae Castle-Cary ; It was then your true love I met by the tree ; Proud as her heart is, and modest her nature, Sweet were the kisses that she ga'e to me. "Bonnie Dundee" is nearly the same air as that which we have just before given from the Skene MS. book of tunes in tablature for the Lyra-viol, which belonged to the celebrated Dr.

This ought to be borne in mind when charges of ignorant appropriation are brought against him. The plan of this Work was suggested to the Publishers by a perception of the want of a really cheap Collection of the best Scottish Melodies and Songs, with suitable Symphonies and Accompaniments, adapted to the Melodies ;* and with such information regarding the airs and the verses as might be interesting to the public. Dauney's work upon the Skene MS., 1838, contains curious matter regarding musical performers and teachers of music in Scotland, from 1474 to 1633. 1490.— To Martin Clareschaw, and ye toder ersche clareschaw, at ye Kingis command, . Robert Gordon of Straloch, in Aberdeenshire, was a distinguished person in his day. David Laing, in his Illus- trations to Johnson's Museum, does not give him the Sir ; though in the preface, p. We learn the following particulars of him from the Straloch papers, printed by the Spalding Club, in the first volume of their Miscellany, edited by their Secretary, John Stuart, Esq., Advocate : — Robert Gordon was the second son of Sir John Gordon of Pitlurg, and was born in 1580. Crockat, of whom we have not been able to learn anything. The reader will find their titles and dates given by Messrs. Blackwood's edition of Johnson's Museum, Edinburgh, 1839. George's Church, Edinburgh — and by some other persons not named, consists of six vols. The Adver- tisement to volume sixth is dated January 1824. In har'st at the shearin', nae youths now are jeerin', Bandsters are runkled, and lyart, or grey; At fair or at preachin', nae wooin' nae fleechin', The Flowers of the Forest are a' wede away. Burns says, 'Ramsay found the first line of this song, which had been preserved as the title of the charming air, and then composed the rest of the verses to suit that line. In December 1793, Burns wrote his comic song, "My spouse Nancy," to the tune of "My jo Janet. We can, however, prove the contrary ; for we have found in a MS. Universally esteemed for his abilities and his amiable manners and character, he had the prospect of rising there to higher honours, when the fever of the country cut him off prematurely on 28th July 1843. Three of these airs were accordingly published in 1838 in that form. If not, my love will turn despair, My passion no more tender ; I'll leave the bush aboon Traquair, To lonely wilds I'll wander. Stenhouse says : — " This charming pastoral melody is ancient. We think that the tune was probably written down at first for some musical instrument ; as its compass is too great for ordinary voices. It may also be remarked, that the accentuation of the words, as applied tc the tune, is often faulty ; but this seems to have been little heeded by our older singers, and writers of verses to music. I ha'e got deadly poison, mother, make my bed soon, For life is a burden that soon I'll lay down. s a j J 1 m r ™/ M3 =J=£ fl P i B £3= r a 1 But there is ane, a secret ane, Aboon them a' I lo'e him better; An' I'll be his, an' he'll be mine, The bonnie lad o' Gala water. tr ^f £ = Ti7t MR i -if-" 1 -p- ^ 5 be i Pi s ^ fcfc g~I # =K=P= ,-- n fcat m=*± ^=*=f 4- The Duke o' Montrose has written to Argyle To come in the morn - ing « g^=i *Ej E£ =f2= m/ -*- ■• =f :*— *■ THE BONNIE HOUSE AIKLY. She's fair and fause that causes my smart, Should auld acquaintance be forgot, . ' There are twa bonnie maidens, There cam' a young man to my daddy's door, There grows a bonnie brier bush, PAGE 322 33S INDEX TO THE SONGS AND AIES. The brisk young lad, The broom o' the Cowdenknowes, The bush aboon Traquair, The Caledonian Hunt's delight, (note,] The Campbells are comin', The cauld cauld winter's gane, luve, The Cordwainer's march, (note,) The daisy is fair, The Drummer, . The flowers of the forest, (old air,) The flowers of the forest, (modem air, The gloomy night is gath'ring fast, The gypsie laddie, The house of Glammis, (note,) .

In the present work no attempt has been made to eliminate the English airs ; they have been retained in some cases for the purpose of pointing out that notwithstanding the Scottish words they are really English ; in others — as in "The Banks of Doon" — because the Scottish poetry has saved the English air from oblivion, which its own words never could have done. Mackenzie, of whose musical triumphs his country may well be proud. No work combining all these desiderata had appeared ; although no National Melodies have been so long and so extensively popular as those of Scotland. It is entitled " Extracts from Documents preserved in the General Register House at Edinburgh." 1. There is some perplexity occasioned by the difference of designation bestowed upon this gentleman by different writers. William Dauney, in the Appendix to his Dissertation upon the Skene MS., &c, calls him Sir Robert Gordon of Straloch, when referring to the MS. Soon after his marriage in 1608, he bought the estate of Straloch, ten miles north of Aberdeen, the title arising from which he retained through life, although he succeeded to the estate of Pitlurg, by the death of his elder brother, in 1619. The volume is now in the possession of Charles Kirkpatrick Sharpe, Esq. — " A collection of Scotch airs, with the latest variations, written for the use of Walter M'Farlaneofthat ilk. We shall confine our list to a few of the most important modern Collections, accom- panied by such remarks as may seem appropriate. — This is the earliest very extensive modern Collection of Scottish Melodies and Songs. It contains ancient and modern Scottish Airs and Songs. Dool for the order sent our lads to the Border, The English for ance by guile wan the day; The Flowers of the Forest that fought aye the foremost, The prime of our land lie cauld in the clay. This has always a finer effect than composing English words, or words with an idea foreign to the spirit of the old title. " It appears, however, that Ramsay was scarcely so for- tunate [as to recover the first line of the old song.] What he found was something much less poetical — ' The last time I came o'er the muir' — but a poor substitute for the impassioned ejaculation, 'Alas ! Stenhouse says, "In these collections, the identical tune of 'The last time I cam' o'er the muir,' occurs no less than twice, and one of the sets commences with the two first lines of the old song, ' Alace ! " i fc w^ 7-i— I 1 P" "The old man."— (Straloeh MS.) =£ f ^ -**tf m 5P "Long eb, onie old man." — (Skene MS.) ii^fe£=y m^m $^£mm "Robin and Janet." — (Leyden MS.) U tr »-=-— : SI -§m^m tr tr Miiiii^iiiniiipin^i Ei EEjj£Sl^p Sii=pfli tr tar =1= ^33 -d^-«— *J.- 36 SCOTTISH SONGS. of the sixteenth century, now in the British Museum, the words, " Colle thou me the rysshys grene,"set twice over to different music. It was formerly called ' The bonnie bush aboon Traquhair.' It appears in the Orpheus Caledonius, 1725, adapted to the same beautiful stanzas that are inserted in the Museum, beginning ' Hear me, ye nymphs, and eeery swain,' written by William Crawford, Esq., author of Tweedside, &c. We must now take these old things as we find them ; and be thankful that they are not altogether lost. "Lord Ronald, my son." These two stanzas of the ancient ballad, with their simple and pathetic melody, were recovered by Burns in Ayrshire, and sent by him to Johnson's Museum. Altho' his daddie was nae laird, An' tho' I hae nae meikle tocher ; Yet, rich in kindest, truest love, We'll tent our flocks by Gala water. The last detached measure, to the words "Braw, braw lads," does not belong to the original melody, but is inserted because the air is generally so sung at the present day. 53 IS K-J— 4- 5§ M^ P=P=P: ^J=* £ *=tc i=r* ear - ly, An' lead in his men, by the back o' Dunkeld, To plun - der the bonnie house o' pn Air - ly. O Willie brewed a peck o' maut, Paul's steeple, (note,) Pibroch of Donuil Dim, '' Playing amang the rashes, Prince Charlie's welcome to Skye, Put up thy dagger, Jamie, (note,) Robin is my only joe, . Rothiemurchus' rant, Row weel, my boatie, row weel, Roy's wife of Aldivalloch, Saw ye Johnnie comin'? Sweet fa's the eve on Craigie burn, Sweet Sir, for your courtesie, . 405 There was a lad was born in Kyle, '■ There was a lass, and she was fair, ^ There was a pretty May, There's auld Rod Morris, There's cauld kail in Aberdeen, (note. ' The Duke of Buccleugh's tune, (1690,' The Duke of Norfolk, . The lads of Leith, (note,) The laird o' Cockpen, he's proud and he's great.

Stenhouse'a blunders are the only blot on a work otherwise excellent and beautiful, every page being marked by painstaking and good faith. whom he obtained his traditional information having passed away before his work could be given to the world. The result of this has been to show clearly that some of our favourite airs are certainly English, while to some others Northumberland may have as good a claim as Berwick, Roxburgh, or any other of our southern counties. To these we refer for many particulars respecting our national music, which it is unnecessary here to repeat : we prefer occupying our limited space with some account of the various ancient MSS. 192, 193, gives this song, and the air, " The Gypsie Laddie." He ascribes the words to " a Mr. 175 of Museum,) gives a traditional history of the ballad. M., in his " Cursory Remarks on Scottish Song," all treat the story of Lady Cassillis' elopement as a malicious fiction, and produce proofs of its falsehood. But what if dancing on the green, An' skippin' like a mawkin', If they should see my clouted sheen,' 1 Of me they will be taukin'. ), the Orpheus Caledonius, second edition, 1733, to our own times. ^-I-^* ^W s- « - M f g£ / fr-ttf ^=F J^-£-p M ^ ^ s=#= ^ l 9~i 4' #-5 »■ There's nought but care on ev' - ry han', In ev' - ry hour that pass - es, ; What t b 1 ^ F^F f £ * s 3=E N— ± 1 zfc ? A good song, superseding very silly or very indecorous words, is often the means of sending an air down to us which otherwise would probably never have been heard of. w — — t — j — « — i — ■ ^ — ■ ^ -q-"3- m% BJJ^^Eg :? The present writer is therefore inclined to believe that the air is really Scottish, and that having become somewhat familiar to English ears by the residence in Scotland (1679-S2) of the Duke of York (James n. In the present edition that set has been restored, and the air now agrees in accent with the words. -^- a^*— » -= F~ S=5E^ J J— j =H=J=i= £ p~~* * # ~^r -» — -j — #- ~cr THE BUSH ABOON TBAQUAIR. I tried to soothe my amorous flame, In words that I thought tender ; If more there pass'd, I'm not to blame, I meant not to offend her. g^ g *=^~r-g -» » Ron - aid, my O where ha'e ye been, Lord W=% 35 S^^3 g£ fe Nf^ BE &r & ^|=BEg Eg =§=gj O where ha'e ye - been, Lord Ron - aid, my ^ -J£=4z ^=3f=§=±^=sf=4 P§¥^ m 3 rj j — ■E- g- tf ra E3=^ sg = p y T ^ * son ?

Since that time much has come to light in regard to the national music of all countries. While this may be candidly admitted, we still assert our right to include these airs in our Scottish collections, on account of the beautiful poetry written for them by our own countrymen, and with which they are much more associated than with the original English verses, now indeed known only to the antiquary. which are alluded to in the course of the work, as well as of the principal modern editions of the Songs and Melodies of Scotland. — Belongs to the Library of the Faculty of Advocates. David Laing of Edinburgh, for his inspection, and by Mr. One, dating about the beginning of the eighteenth century; and another, 1706, in the possession of David Laing, Esq.; a third, dated 1704, belonging to the Advocates' Library; and a fourth, 1715, the property of Mr. It is probable that several old music-books in tablature may still be hidden in the repositories of Scottish families of rank ; and we would entreat the possessors of such books to rescue them from oblivion and destruction, by sending them to some public library for preservation. AVilliam Glen, about Glasgow." It appears that this William Glen was a native of Glasgow, and for some time a manufacturer there, and that he died about 1824, in a state of poverty. The date of the air is not known, but it appears in the Skene MS. Dance ay laigh,' an' late at e'en, Janet, Janet, Syne a' their fauts will no be seen, My jo Janet. " My jo Janet." This air can be traced from the Straloeh MS., 1627, through the Skene MS., 1640 (? Its early forms, though somewhat bald, have both the 4th and the 7th of the scale, and these not merely as passing, but as essential accented notes. were written, can, like the guitar, produce every semitone of the scale, there is really no reason but choice why it should have been otherwise. From the allusions in the song to Aberdeen and the Bass of Inverurie, the words have evidently been written by some one connected with that neighbourhood. f^ ^^ -^^ =SS^^ ^h^^E^ sig - ni - fies the life o' man, An 'twere n a for the, O. The song is so well known, that it is scarcely necessary to say it was written by Burns. Stenhouse believes that it was the first he contributed to Johnson's Scottish Musical Museum. EE3E -"P= -T-*-- -* — » 3t -kgji^* ** ■jp=wi *=\ A' things ance were sweet and smil - ing, In the =* ¥=F- light -» p- ^ m mi —' — r- ^ IE: E^^e ES ADIEU, DUNDEE ! ) and his suite it was thereafter used as a vehicle for some absurd verses in the usual licentious style of those times. The verses here given are from a beautiful ballad written by William Hamilton of Bangour, who died in 1754, aged fifty. Yet now she scornful flies the plain, The fields we then frequented ; If e'er we meet, she shows disdain, And looks as ne'er acquainted. Stenhouse and other editors who ascribe the song to William Crawfurd (of Auchiuames), while it, "Tweedside," &c, were written by Robert Crawfurd, a cadet of the family of Drumsoy. I ha'e been wi' my sweet - heart, mother, make my bed j — i- ^^ ^E^^ ^ H = P= g=^^ m LORD RONALD.

All that I can undertake to do, or which appears to me necessary, is to show you the date of publication of each volume or half volume of my Scottish Airs and Songs, as entered at Stationers' Hall — for which see next page — making six volumes folio, for the voice and pianoforte, with separate symphonies and accompaniments for the violin or flute, and violoncello — each volume having an engraved frontispiece, besides smaller engraved embellishments ; the symphonies and accompaniments composed by Pleyel, Kozeluch, Haydn, Beethoven, Hummel, and Weber ; — the songs written chiefly, above 100 of them, by Burns, and the rest by Campbell, Sir Walter Scott, Professor Smyth, Joanna Baillie, &c. George Thomson's Scottish Airs and Songs, in six vols, folio : — " Vol. We have removed from " Waly, waly," the absurd trappings hung about its neck by these men. With the exception of one stanza embalmed in Othello, all knowledge of the ballad in England had entirely dis- appeared ; and but for the accidental preservation of Bishop Percy's folio MS., an English version of it could not have been even surmised. The latter part of the air must remind the reader of the conclusion of " Gala Water," which will be found in a future page. George Thomson a song " On Chloris being ill," to the tune "Ay wakin', 0," beginning — " Long, long the night," and which appears in an altered form in Mr. Now green 's the sod, and cauld 's the clay, That wraps my Highland Mary ! That there were many foreign musicians, as well as Scottish, English, and Irish ones, employed at the Court of Scotland, appears from documents preserved in the General Register House at Edinburgh ; and from the curious passages from these in the " Extracts from the Accounts of the Lords High Treasurers of Scotland, relative to music," from a.d. In 1821 a somewhat different version appeared in the Scottish Minstrel (vol. Lockhart, in his " Life of Burns," gives a very interesting passage regarding Burns' visit to Bannockburn in August 1787, from some fragments of his journal that had come into Mr. I see them meet in glorious triumphant congratulation on the victorious field, exulting in their heroic royal leader, and rescued liberty and independence." Mr. We here give Burns' original words, with the air for which he composed them. Now up in the morning's no for me, Up in the morning early ; To sit a' nicht wad better agree Than rise in the morning early. -4- » Nae linties lilt on hedge or bush : Poor things, they suffer sairly ; In eauldrife quarters a' the nicht ; A' day they feed but sparely. Our earliest song to the tune was written by Burns about 178S ; that given above, which is now usually sung to the air, is by John Hamilton, music-seller in Edinburgh, who died so recently as 1S14. My ain fireside, my ain fireside, there's nought to compare wi' ane's ain fireside. A curse on dull and drawling Whig, The whining, rantin', low deceiver, Wi' heart sae black, and look sae big, And cantin' tongue o' clishmaclaver ! it is difficult to understand how so many fine airs, that are evidently ancient, should have escaped being copied into our early collections, and only been saved from oblivion by traditional singing until the second half of the eighteenth century. Argyle is my name, and you may think it strange, At gloamin', if my lane I be, .

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