College dating violence articles

Decision aids have been shown to assist with health-related decisions by improving knowledge, creating realistic expectations, and resolving decisional conflict (Cochrane Database Syst Rev 1:1–332, 2014).This study is a randomized controlled trial testing the effectiveness of an interactive safety decision aid web-based and smartphone application (App) for abused college women and their friends.

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Physical health conditions and risk behaviors are significantly higher among women who have experienced IPV compared with those who have not [3, 8, 9].

Beyond the physical conditions associated with violence, such as injuries and chronic pain, research has consistently demonstrated a strong association between IPV and increased rates of depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), substance abuse, and suicide [13–15].

Researchers find disturbingly high rates of physical and sexual victimization of women by intimate or ex-intimate partners on college campuses, indicating that college campuses constitute at-risk communities for women [3, 8, 9, 16].

However, few colleges and universities have prevention and intervention programs for their students, particularly evidence-based approaches tested in controlled trials [17].

This trial may provide important information on the impact of an App and web-based safety planning tool on college women’s decisional conflict and safety behavior use when making difficult safety decisions.

This study is the first, to our knowledge, to test an intervention that engages friends of abused college women.

Our challenge is to help college women develop a personalized safety plan that considers these complex factors during critical decision-making regarding safety while in an abusive relationship, and when ending an abusive relationship.

Rather than accessing formal systems for help (e.g., campus security, administrators, counselors), research indicates abused college women most often turn to friends [2], who often lack the knowledge or resources to provide effective support [3].

The App uses this information to provide personalized safety planning information and resources.

Self-reported outcome measures for abused college women on safety seeking behaviors, decisional conflict, IPV exposure and mental health will be collected at baseline, six, and 12-months post-baseline via the study App/website.

Three hundred female college students experiencing abuse and three hundred friends of female college students experiencing abuse will be recruited in Maryland and Oregon and randomized to either the intervention safety decision aid, accessible by website or smartphone App, or a usual safety planning control website/App.

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