dating profile headline generator - Developing validating performance assessment tasks concepts geometrical optics

By broadening the notion of the system to be optimized, PSS has the potential to create synergies among profit, competitiveness, and environmental benefits that cannot be obtained when focusing on product development only [8].

Yet, not all shifts to PSS result in an improved sustainability profile for manufacturers.

To facilitate a participatory process, they shall be simple enough to be understood by the design team members across disciplines and roles.

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The paper later discusses the validity of the proposed approach and the criticalities of the research design, as well as the opportunity of creating a physical environment to gather the cross-functional design team to negotiate PSS design trade-offs from a value and sustainability viewpoint.

The design research methodology (DRM) proposed by Blessing and Chakrabarti [27] was used as the main reference throughout the research.

After-sales service requirements further influence the design of the PSS hardware, and need to be considered already in the early stage of the design process [12].

A large network of stakeholders is typically involved in the design of the PSS eco-system.

Emerging from the findings of a multiple case study in the aerospace and construction sector, the paper presents a five-step iterative process to support decision making for sustainable PSS design, which was further applied to design an electrical load carrier.

The findings show that the proposed approach creates a “hub” where argumentations related to “value” and “sustainability” of PSS solution concepts can be systematically captured in a way that supports the discussion on the appropriate quantification strategy.

These tools shall be “transparent” so that individuals from different disciplines can probe assumptions and models to learn about dependencies across the disciplinary boundaries [16].

They shall also be “pragmatic” [17] enough to be applicable not only at a strategical and tactical level (e.g., those reported in [18]), but also at an operational one.

Hence, it is far from evident how sustainability-related criteria shall be defined in conjunction with more traditional performance parameters, and how they shall be “mixed and matched” with, for instance, quality, time, and cost in PSS design decision-making [25,26].

The research work is motivated by the perceived absence of processes and tools able to seamlessly resolve sustainability vs. The objective of this paper is to investigate how multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) models shall be applied to down-select PSS concepts from a value perspective, by considering sustainability as one of the attributes contributing to the overall value of a solution.

The information they carry needs to be modelled during the evaluation of PSS options [13], so to identify optimal solutions from the perspectives of technological feasibility, user-acceptability, and sustainability [7].

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