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Some of the splits have been due to doctrinal controversy, while some have been caused by disagreement concerning the degree to which those ordained to church office should be required to agree with the Westminster Confession of Faith, which historically serves as an important confessional document – second only to the Bible, yet directing particularities in the standardization and translation of the Bible – in Presbyterian churches.Presbyterians place great importance upon education and lifelong learning, tempered with the knowledge that no human action can affect salvation.Many Presbyterian denominations have found ways of working together with other Reformed denominations and Christians of other traditions, especially in the World Communion of Reformed Churches.
As the Catholic Church resisted the reformers, several different theological movements splintered from the Church and bore different denominations.
Presbyterianism was especially influenced by the French theologian John Calvin, who is credited with the development of Reformed theology, and the work of John Knox, a Scotsman and a Roman Catholic Priest, who studied with Calvin in Geneva, Switzerland. The Presbyterian church traces its ancestry back primarily to England and Scotland.
The Church of Scotland abolished the Synod in 1993. The obvious one is that confessional churches express their faith in the form of "confessions of faith," which have some level of authoritative status.
Presbyterianism is historically a confessional tradition. However this is based on a more subtle point: In confessional churches, theology is not solely an individual matter.
A great number of Reformed churches are organized this way, but the word Presbyterian, when capitalized, is often applied uniquely to churches that trace their roots to the Church of Scotland, Presbyterian theology typically emphasizes the sovereignty of God, the authority of the Scriptures, and the necessity of grace through faith in Christ.
Presbyterian church government was ensured in Scotland by the Acts of Union in 1707, which created the Kingdom of Great Britain.Teaching elders (pastors) have responsibility for teaching, worship, and performing sacraments. A congregation issues a call for the pastor's service, but this call must be ratified by the local presbytery.The Pastor is a teaching elder, and Moderator of the Session, but is not usually a member of the church.Continuous study of the scriptures, theological writings, and understanding and interpretation of church doctrine are embodied in several statements of faith and catechisms formally adopted by various branches of the church, often referred to as "subordinate standards".It is generally considered that the point of such learning is to enable one to put one's faith into practice; many Presbyterians generally exhibit their faith in action as well as words, by generosity, hospitality, as well as proclaiming the gospel of Christ.Above the sessions exist presbyteries, which have area responsibilities.Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating